Dedicated to the memory of and in honor of David G. Epstein, Ph.D, Colonel, AUSA (Ret.), an intellectual warrior of our times
Welcome to our site! This is our homepage.
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Click on the various subjects of interest to see how we roll.
We previously had this site up for approximately six years, covering a wide range of subjects. Due to the workload in keeping 30 subject areas up-to-date, it simply became too much for us to handle and far too time-consuming. So we took the site down.
We have decided to bring our viewpoints up again albeit on a greatly reduced scope.
We must first state that our commentary to articles we find online is on the conservative. right side of the spectrum. If you came here with a progressive/leftist or liberal agenda, this is not for you. Go elsewhere where your emotions-based perspective is supported.
We, on the other hand, work from the basis of research, history, facts, assumptions, analysis, and conclusions. To do so, we read articles from all sides of the spectrum: leftist, liberal, centrist, conservative. We do not consider extreme right-wing / white supremacy / black liberal theology to be valid subjects and thus we will not post or discuss them.
We consider ourselves as patriots, having served in the Armed Forces for a minimum of twenty+ years; we strongly believe in the Second Amendment; we are for limited government as well as the Constitution and states’ rights; we realize how the academic community has gone too far left to be worthy of support; we distrust the Democratic Party and think little of the supposed Republican Party due to its lack of a reasoned platform; we have seen the impact of money, power, and crony support on the political scene and strongly believe the ‘system’ is badly broken; we distrust the judiciary for its clear and obvious politicalization despite the wishes of We The People; we distrust public servants and the so-called Deep State for their lack of results and constant drive for more compensation and benefits, and their opposition to real and honest public service; and so on. We support core American values, the importance of religion, freedom of speech, equal civil and human rights for all; and maintenance of the USA as a “light on the hill”.
Again – Welcome.
The Seven Stages Of Dementia
We placed this article to give our readers an idea of the progression of dementia in humans, showing the various stages of the disease over time.
Similarly, there is a somewhat corresponding spectrum of strategic dementia in organizations as they often start in small changes, moving over time to failing policies before becoming total failures, some so bad that they cannot be reversed. In some measure, this is already taking place as we watch it occur.
One of the most difficult things to hear about dementia is that, in most cases, dementia is irreversible and incurable. However, with an early diagnosis and proper care, the progression of some forms of dementia can be managed and slowed down. The cognitive decline that accompanies dementia conditions does not happen all at once – the progression of dementia can be divided into seven distinct, identifiable stages.
Learning about the stages of dementia can help with identifying signs and symptoms early on, as well as assisting sufferers and caretakers in knowing what to expect in further stages. The earlier dementia is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can start.
Stage 1: No Cognitive Decline
Stage 1 of dementia can also be classified as the normal functioning stage. At this stage of dementia development, a patient generally does not exhibit any significant problems with memory, or any cognitive impairment. Stages 1-3 of dementia progression are generally known as “pre-dementia” stages.
Stage 2: Age Associated Memory Impairment
This stage features occasional lapses of memory most frequently seen in:
- Forgetting where one has placed an object
- Forgetting names that were once very familiar
Oftentimes, this mild decline in memory is merely normal age-related cognitive decline, but it can also be one of the earliest signs of degenerative dementia. At this stage, signs are still virtually undetectable through clinical testing. Concern for early onset of dementia should arise with respect to other symptoms.
Stage 3: Mild Cognitive Impairment
Clear cognitive problems begin to manifest in stage 3. A few signs of stage 3 dementia include:
- Getting lost easily
- Noticeably poor performance at work
- Forgetting the names of family members and close friends
- Difficulty retaining information read in a book or passage
- Losing or misplacing important objects
- Difficulty concentrating
Patients often start to experience mild to moderate anxiety as these symptoms increasingly interfere with day to day life. Patients who may be in this stage of dementia are encouraged to have a clinical interview with a clinician for proper diagnosis.
Stage 4: Mild Dementia
At this stage, individuals may start to become socially withdrawn and show changes in personality and mood. Denial of symptoms as a defense mechanism is commonly seen in stage 4. Behaviors to look for include:
- Decreased knowledge of current and/or recent events
- Difficulty remembering things about one’s personal history
- Decreased ability to handle finances, arrange travel plans, etc.
- Difficulty recognizing faces and people
In stage 4 dementia, individuals have no trouble recognizing familiar faces or traveling to familiar locations. However, patients in this stage will often avoid challenging situations in order to hide symptoms or prevent stress or anxiety.
Stage 5: Moderate Dementia
Patients in stage 5 need some assistance in order to carry out their daily lives. The main sign for stage 5 dementia is the inability to remember major details such as the name of a close family member or a home address. Patients may become disoriented about the time and place, have trouble making decisions, and forget basic information about themselves, such as a telephone number or address.
While moderate dementia can interfere with basic functioning, patients at this stage do not need assistance with basic functions such as using the bathroom or eating. Patients also still have the ability to remember their own names and generally the names of spouses and children.
Stage 6: Moderately Severe Dementia
When the patient begins to forget the names of their children, spouse, or primary caregivers, they are most likely entering stage 6 of dementia and will need full time care. In the sixth stage, patients are generally unaware of their surroundings, cannot recall recent events, and have skewed memories of their personal past. Caregivers and loved ones should watch for:
- Delusional behavior
- Obsessive behavior and symptoms
- Anxiety, aggression, and agitation
- Loss of willpower
Patients may begin to wander, have difficulty sleeping, and in some cases will experience hallucinations.
Stage 7: Severe Dementia
Along with the loss of motor skills, patients will progressively lose the ability to speak during the course of stage 7 dementia. In the final stage, the brain seems to lose its connection with the body. Severe dementia frequently entails the loss of all verbal and speech abilities. Loved ones and caregivers will need to help the individual with walking, eating, and using the bathroom.
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